Gynostemma breeding and cultivation

Gynostemma quinquefolia, also known as the seven-leaf gall, is a perennial grassy vine plant of the cucurbitaceae. It was first recorded in the “relief herb”, and the whole plant can be used for medicinal purposes. Folks are often used for the treatment of cough, expectoration, dreams, and slickness. There are totally 13 species of Gynostemma pentaphyllum. There are 11 kinds of Gynostemma pentaphyllum, Gynostemma pentaphyllum, Gynostemma pentaphyllum, Gynostemma pentaphyllum, Gynostemma pentaphyllum, and white puffer gynura. Located in the southern part of Shaanxi and the provinces south of the Yangtze River, they grow in the mountain forests or beside the valley ditches, and are more common in limestone. In addition, it is also distributed in countries such as Japan, North Korea, India, Indonesia, and Vietnam.

Gynostemma for climbing grassy vines, stalks weak, with pilose or no pilose, sparsely hairy nodes, tendrils are mostly divided into two pods, but also without split lice; leaf length 4-8cm, width 2-3cm, Ovary, 5--7 leaves, palmately alternate, membranously stipitate, margin toothed, short hairs on veins; flowers unisexual, dioecious, conical inflorescences axillary, 9-1 cm long; berry-globose Green, black, diameter 6-8mm, a horizontal stripe in the upper part, seeds 1-8, oval, about 4mm, wrinkles. Flowering from July to August and fruiting from September to October.

Asexual reproduction: cuttings from the stems of strong female plants grown from August to July were used. Cuttings with stems and leaves about 14 cm in length were inserted, and about 5 m were inserted. In the autumn, roots, stems, and cut sections of -8cm can be used in the soil and transplanted after germination in spring. Because of dioecious, it is appropriate to take a certain proportion of male plants for collocation.

Seed propagation: Take mature fruits in the fall, peel and dry, place in a dry and ventilated place, and soak in warm water at the end of August of the following year.

Gynostemma hi wet and moist environment, cuttings or seedlings should pay attention to shading, moisturizing, and take a shelter to climb. After the emergence of seedlings, management of loose soil fertilization should be strengthened, and it should grow well on loose and fertile soil. Such as the use of hillside land, can be planted in the humid northward slopes, forests or ditch.

Wild Gynostemma can be collected in summer and autumn. In order to protect wild resources, only part of the ground should be collected so that the underground part can still germinate, and it can be collected every year. Cultivated varieties can be planted to increase production; the aerial parts can also be harvested for harvest year after year.

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