Feeding and Management Points for Different Purpose Rabbits

The feeding and management of rabbits is basically the same as that of rabbits. The feed intake of hairy rabbits varies with the hair collection cycle (usually 3 months) and the growth of hairs. The first month after hair removal, the maximum feed intake of rabbits is due to the short body hair of rabbits. Or exposed, a lot of body heat is distributed, need to add a lot of energy; after 2 months, the rabbit hair has grown to a certain length, this time is the fastest period of rabbit hair growth, so we must ensure that rabbits eat well; After 3 months, the hair grows to a certain length and begins to grow slowly. At this time, the feed intake of the rabbit is reduced accordingly. Therefore, when feeding the rabbit, it must be based on the different stages and feed intake after hair collection. Laws, careful regulation of feed.

Rabbit raisers generally control two feeding methods: one is the first month after hair collection, and each rabbit (adult) feeds 190 to 210 grams of dry feed, and the second month feeds 170 to 180 grams, the third one. 140-150 grams per month; the other is arbitrary intake within 1 month after the hair collection, after the second month, regular quantitative feeding. In France and Germany, the rabbits are allowed to empty the rabbit's stomach by feeding the rabbits for one day each week. This greatly reduces the risk of the hairs that the rabbits eat into the stomach and form hairballs. Scientific feeding based on the hair collection cycle is beneficial to the health of the rabbits and promotes the growth of the hair, and more good hair can be obtained. Hairy rabbits have exposed naked rabbits in the summer and have to prevent direct sun rays during the summer. In winter, they should keep warm and increase their nutrition. The female rabbit does not shear the hair in the immediate vicinity of the childbirth, so that the nutrition cannot be supplemented in time and affect the development of the fetus. The female rabbits can arrange the hair collection time before mating, and the hair is shorter at the time of delivery. Usually, we must regularly comb, timely removal of grass clippings, feces, to prevent the ingestion of rabbit hair caused by hair bulb disease, rabbits found to be timely treatment, isolation.

Meat rabbit breeding and management

The feeding and management of meat rabbits is to improve the quality of rabbit meat and improve meat production, so that rabbits can produce more and better rabbit meat. New Zealand rabbits, California rabbits, Japanese rabbits, Harbin rabbits, Saibei rabbits, and other rabbits are used as meat rabbits. In recent years, the German Zika Crossbreeding System (Three-Line Package) and the French Bretonia have been introduced. The hybrid mating system (four-line kits) showed that these rabbits showed very good meat production performance. The rabbits were slaughtered in about 90 days, and the rabbit meat was tender and tasted good. However, these supporting systems also have the problems of high seed production costs and strict requirements for intensive intensification. It is still difficult to promote them in large areas in rural areas. If we use the rapid growth system in these supporting systems and some of our country's For example, New Zealand rabbits and other rabbits that produce dual-hybrid production of commercial rabbits can achieve significant economic benefits within a short period of time. Infant fattening usually does not castrate, adult rabbit fattening, castration can improve the quality of rabbit meat, improve fattening effect. Feeding methods of meat rabbits generally adopt full-grain pellet feeds for free-feeding, and the nutrients are prepared according to the nutritional needs of the rabbits. The temperature suitable for meat rabbits is usually 5 ~ 25 °C, while the need to reduce the light and range of activities, as far as possible to keep quiet, do not let the rabbit move, in order to achieve rapid growth. When a rabbit feeds freely on a full-grain pellet feed, the rabbits gain weight quickly and the feed reward is high. When feeding pellets, sufficient water must be supplied.

The fattening of rabbits is best performed after the growth and development of the skeleton is completed. Because during the fattening process, the weight gained in the short term is mainly muscle and fat. For example, fattening with young rabbits or middle rabbits results in a good effect of fattening the thin rabbits that have already grown into bones because the volume is too small for their skin and bones. The principle of fattening is to increase the accumulation of nutrients on the one hand, and to reduce the consumption of nutrients on the other hand, so that the assimilation will largely exceed the effect of dissimilation in a short period of time, which is to make the nutrients of ingestion in addition to maintaining life there are a large number of nutrients in the body The formation of meat and fat. Since the main raw materials constituting meat and fat are proteins, fats, and starches, when fattening rabbits, it is necessary to use concentrates as the main raw material, and to supply the concentrates within the limits of the digestive and absorptive capacity of fattening rabbits. The most suitable feed sources for fattening are barley, bran, oats, peas, potatoes, and hawthorn. In order to avoid feed becoming too fast, there should be a preparatory period of about 10-15 days before finishing. Gradually change feed ingredients at this stage. Feeding methods are small meals to change their habits, and finally feed the concentrate completely. Half an hour before formal feeding, a small amount is given to cause appetite. In order to make the rabbit fur fuller, more rabbits are slaughtered in the winter, that is from about November to next February. Because of lack of exercise and light, fattening rabbits have poor body resistance and are prone to illness. Therefore, special attention should be paid to environmental hygiene. The fattening period of rabbits is determined mainly based on the growth characteristics of the species itself and the purchase requirements of commercial rabbits. Generally, the slaughter is ideal when the body weight is between 2 and 2.5 kilograms, and the feed efficiency is also the highest.

Rex rabbit feeding and management

Rex Rabbit is a famous rabbit for fur skin. It is not only valuable for fur, but also has good meat performance. Its growth and development are manifested by the gradual increase in body weight and the maturation of the fur. The law of weight growth is that the early growth is fast and the latter is relatively slow. The rate of weight gain is mainly affected by genetic factors and environmental factors (nutrition, management, climate, etc.), and there is also a certain difference in gender. Generally, the growth rate of male rabbits Obviously lower than female rabbits.

Rex rabbits began to grow long hairs on the 3rd day after birth and had an intrinsic color appearance; 15-day-olds were light-bred; 15-30-day-old coats grew fastest, and then stopped growing; 60-day-olds began to change their lanugo; 4-4. .5 months of age for the first time the age of hair; 5 to 6 months of age, the hair is smooth and a standard color, when the weight of about 2.75 to 3.0 kilograms, you can take the skin, meat production performance is also good. Rex rabbits weigh between 2.75 and 3 kilograms at 5 to 6 months of age, and the fur quality is good. The meat production rate is also high. The skin area can reach 111 square centimeters and can meet the requirements of grade skin. For example, from the point of mature fur, it is best to take the skin after the second age change, but the breeding period is extended by 2 months, which increases the cost of feeding. If the skin is aged 5 to 6 months, it will help improve the economy. benefit. The main purpose of breeding Rex rabbits is to take high-quality peltate skin, and it is generally used during the young rabbit period because the body has a strong metabolism, and the Rex rabbits have fast growth and development. In order to meet the needs of growth and development during this period, not only must a comprehensive supply of nutrients be provided, but at this time the amount of feed must be sufficient. The nutrient concentration at this time is 11.30 to 11.72 MJ per kilogram of diet, 16% to 18% of protein (18% in the previous period, 16% in the latter stage), and 3% to 5% of the crude fat. Crude fiber is 10% to 12%, calcium is 0.5% to 0.7%, phosphorus is 0.3% to 0.5%, and the dietary nutrient concentration should be slightly lower in the early high stage.

Rex rabbit management should do a good job: 1 group rearing work. After weaning young male rabbits should be castrated except for the remaining species, according to size, age, strength and weakness of the group, each group of cages, each group of 4 to 5 (cage area of ​​about 0.5 square meters). Elimination of species of rabbits divided by sex, each group of 2 to 3, short-term group raise skin, group rabbits often have fighting phenomenon, should pay attention to timely adjustment, such as in case of repeated groups of rabbits can be single cage rearing. 2 Do a good job in sanitation. Rabbit cages should be cleaned frequently. Rabbithouses and rabbit cages should be kept clean and dry. This is beneficial to the quality of rabbit fur. 3 Do a good job in disease prevention and treatment. Rabbits should be injected with rabbit lice vaccine and pasteurella vaccine on a regular basis in order to avoid the loss of rabbit rickets. 4 The ectoparasitic diseases such as rickets, fungal diseases, fleas, and fleas should be promptly taken measures to isolate the isolation and timely treatment of the treatment so as to avoid loss.

Four different seasons of feeding and management

The growth and development of rabbits is closely linked with the external environmental conditions. Different environmental conditions have different effects on rabbits, but China's natural conditions have significant regional and seasonal characteristics in terms of temperature, rainfall, humidity, and the variety, quantity, and quality of feed. Therefore, the four seasons raise rabbits should be based on the habits of rabbits, physiological characteristics and characteristics of seasonal regions, and adopt appropriate scientific feeding methods to ensure the health of rabbits and promote the development of rabbit breeding industry.

Spring feeding management

The southern part of the country has a lot of rain and humidity in spring and it is suitable for bacteria breeding. It is the most unfavorable season for raising rabbits. Rabbits have many diseases, and the mortality rate is the highest in the whole year (especially young rabbits). At this time, although the weeds gradually grew and grew, the water content in the grass was relatively high, and the dry matter content was relatively reduced. After the rabbits were fed for one winter, the body was relatively thin, and they were in the period of molting. Therefore, the spring should be guarded against moisture in feeding and management. Prevent disease.

Grab the eating habits of rabbits

Do not feed muddy water and piled hot green feed, do not feed on rotten spoiled feed (such as rotten leaves, etc.), cut grass after rain, dry and feed again. In the case of heavy rainfall and high humidity, feed less fresh green feed and feed some dry roughage. In order to enhance the rabbit's resistance to disease, a certain amount of garlic, antibiotics, etc. can be mixed in the feed during this season to reduce and avoid diarrhea. For rabbits in the hair exchange period, fresh young green fodder should be given, and feeds with higher protein content should be properly given to meet their needs.

Grasp the cleanliness of the environment

The cage should be clean and dry. Every day, the cage should be cleaned, excreted urine and flushed. Do not stink inside the house, no dirt accumulation. Tableware, cage bottom plate, production box should be washed frequently, often disinfected, rabbithouses in indoor cages require good ventilation, and the ground can be sprinkled with charcoal and lime to sterilize, sterilize and prevent moisture.

Strengthen inspection

Every day, check the health of young rabbits and find out if problems arise. In the spring in the north, the temperature is suitable, the rainfall is small, the wind is dry, and the sun is abundant. It is suitable for the growth and reproduction of rabbits and is a good season for raising rabbits.

Summer feeding management

Summer heat and humidity, rabbits due to undeveloped sweat glands, often affected by the heat and resulting in reduced food intake, this season, the threat to young rabbits, young rabbits. Therefore, in the summer of feeding and management, attention should be paid to cooling and heatstroke prevention.

Cooling and heatstroke

The rabbit house should be shaded and ventilated. Do not let the sun shine directly on the rabbit cage. When the temperature in the cage exceeds 30°C, some cold water can be poured on the ground to cool down. The open air rabbit farm must take the shelter or pumpkin, grape and other vines in time. Class, let it spread on the top of the cage, shading; indoor caged rabbit house to open the door, let the air convection. Hairy rabbits shall cut all the coats together with the hairs on the head, and the rabbit cages shall not be too crowded.

Careful feeding

Hot summer afternoon, often lack of appetite, breakfast should be fed early, to be delayed at night, but also pay attention to feed more green feed, provide sufficient water, and add 2% of salt in drinking water to supplement the consumption of salt in the body, feed can also Appropriate to add some drugs to prevent coccidia, such as chlorpheniramine, phenylacetonitrile and so on.

Do a good job of washing the food bowl once a day. The cage should be cleaned frequently. The ground should be sprayed with a disinfectant solution, and the environment should be well sanctioned. The mosquitoes and the flies should be eliminated. Autumn feeding management

The weather is dry, the climate is dry, the feed is abundant, and the nutrition is rich. It is a good season for raising rabbits. However, the adult rabbit enters the hair-changing period in the autumn, and the rabbits that have exchanged hairs are weak and have lost appetite. They should supply more green and green feeds and feed them with high protein feeds. During this period, large temperature differences between morning and evening can easily cause colds, pneumonia, and enteritis in young and young rabbits. Severe deaths may occur.

Winter feeding management

In winter, the temperature is low, the weather is cold, the sunshine is short, and the grass is lacking, especially in the north. Therefore, winter should pay attention to cold insulation.

1. The temperature in the rabbit house should always pay attention to balance, not to be overstated. Otherwise, rabbits are susceptible to catching a cold. The temperature is below 0 °C, to strengthen the insulation measures, indoor cage feeding rabbits doors and windows to be closed. The outdoor cage cage door should be hung with straw curtains for insulation. During the day, the rabbits should be exposed to the sun and prevent thieves from entering during the night. In severe cold days, after the hairs are collected, the long-haired rabbits should put one more nest box and put hay inside to prepare for the night. In addition, we must pay attention to the changes in the climate and do not pick wool when the cold wave comes.

2. Less green fodder in winter, try to feed some green feed or leaves, carrots every day to supplement vitamins. Regardless of the size of the rabbits, the amount of dietary rations will increase by 1/3 over other seasons. Feed high energy feeds such as rice. Can not feed frozen feed, feed dry feed in winter should be modulated before feeding. At the same time pay attention to drinking water, drink warm water at low temperatures is appropriate. Winter night is long, add one at night.

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